Film and TV drama
Also known as: Sound assistant
What does a sound trainee do?
Sound trainees charge batteries, distribute headphones and look after cables and kit as well as the rest of the team. They work under the supervision of the sound mixer and sound assistants.
Sound trainees help unload the sound van, check that all the equipment is prepared and move the sound trolley, kit boxes and boom equipment when required by the sound mixer. A more experienced trainee might, under close instruction of an assistant, help with the attaching of radio mics or use the boom microphone to record background sounds.
They are often asked to be responsible for making sure the rest of the crew is keeping quiet at the necessary moments. They also take messages to other departments. They might go offset to talk to costume about where to hide a microphone, for example.
At the end of each shooting day, they help pack up, make sure the rushes are correctly labelled and that all the paperwork is handed over to the production office. Sound trainees make the tea and order extra supplies of whatever is needed.
Watch and read
What’s a sound trainee good at?
- Hearing: be able to hear precisely, concentrate on listening to sound in a distracting environment
- Sound and equipment: know how sound moves, understand electronics, microphones, recording, playback and editing gear
- Watching film and TV drama: have a passion for the genre and a love of the industry
- Learning by watching and asking: be able to observe what’s happening and ask questions at the appropriate moments
- Reliability: get to set on time
- Communication: be able to follow instructions from the sound mixer and listen to and share information with other departments and members of the team such as costume and make up
Who does a sound trainee work with?
Sound trainees report to the sound mixer. They also work with the boom operator and the entire sound department.
How do I become a sound trainee?
The key thing is to have a passion for sound, be it through being a musician, DJ or sound engineer in live music or radio. Once you’ve got some experience of producing sounds or music under your belt, you can to apply to ScreenSkills’ Trainee Finder.
At school or college:
To go to university for a sound-related course, you might want to study A-levels or Highers in maths, physics and music.
If want to go straight into a job or apprenticeship, then the following Level 3 vocational qualifications are relevant:
- BTEC Diploma/Extended Diploma in Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- BTEC National Diploma/Extended Diploma in Music Technology
- BTEC National Diploma in Film and Television Production
- BTEC National Diploma in Music
- BTEC National Diploma in Sound Production
- BTEC National Extended Certificate in Sound Engineering
- BTEC National Extended Diploma in Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- RSL Subsidiary Diploma for Music Practitioners (Technology)
- OCR Technical Diploma in Digital Media (Moving Image & Audio Production)
- UAL Diploma/Extended Diploma in Music Performance and Production
Build a portfolio:
Create work that you can show off to employers. This is essential. Go to Build your music portfolio and Build your sound portfolio to learn how.
Get an apprenticeship:
Apprenticeships are jobs with training, so they’re a great opportunity to earn while you learn. However, it can be challenging to find jobs as an apprentice with production companies as many are not able to take on people for a whole year, which is an apprenticeship requirement at the moment. But in England, there’s a Level 3 apprenticeship as a creative venue technician. You might be able to find a job through that standard with an employer in another sector, such as the theatre. Think about taking that job, learning the core skills of sound and transferring those skills into film and TV drama at a later point.
Before taking any apprenticeship, check what you’ll be learning with your prospective employer and college, so you can be sure it will be giving you the skills you want. Go to Find an apprenticeship to learn how to find apprenticeships in your region or approach companies directly.
Get a degree:
It’s not necessary to have a degree, but you might want one in sound engineering or music technology. Have a look at ScreenSkills’ list of recommended courses in film and TV. We recognise courses with our ScreenSkills Select award where they offer training in the relevant software, dedicated time to building a portfolio and have strong links with the film and TV industries.
Take a short course:
Take the National Film and Television School’s short course in location sound recording. Go to the list of training courses recommended by ScreenSkills and search for "sound".
Work for hospital radio. See what kit is used. Practise recording and editing sound wherever you can.
Do the sound on student productions. Make a showreel of your work and build your sound portfolio. This is evidence of your practical skills and creativity that you can show admissions tutors and employers.
Get a job in a kit-hire company:
This will give you experience in handling the equipment and also help you make contacts in the industry. Read ScreenSkills advice on how to approach employers.
Go to ScreenSkills’ events like Open Doors to meet people working in art departments. Show them your portfolio and give them your number.
Create a LinkedIn profile. See if there’s a Facebook page or other social media group for people making films or videos in your area. Join it. Create a ScreenSkills profile. See our advice on how to network well.
Become a trainee:
Apply to be on ScreenSkills’ Trainee Finder scheme. Get the skills, make contacts and start working in the sound department.
You might also be interested in…
Sound assistants are needed in unscripted TV, commercials and corporate and music videos. You will be able to get experience and stay employable if you work in these areas as well as film.
You might also want to move into post-production and become a sound designer or a dubbing mixer or work in ADR (automated dialogue replacement, re-recording speech in a studio after filming).
- The Association of Motion Picture Sound (AMPS)
- Institute of Professional Sound (IPS)
- The Audio Engineering Society
- Community Media Association
- Hospital Broadcasting Association
- Professional Lighting and Sound Association (PLASA)
- Scottish Screen (the national development agency for the screen industries in Scotland)
- Sonic Arts Network
- Film Sound
- Screen Daily
- Box Office Mojo
- BAFTA Guru – YouTube Playlists
- ScreenSkills resources directory
Visual effects (VFX)
Involves making sequences on a computer that can't be created on set, like enormous crowds and fire-breathing dragons
Combines art with programming as well as production, design and testing - the UK’s fastest growing entertainment industry
Creates the illusion of movement, includes computer-generated, stop-motion and hand-drawn animation
Can be defined as 'TV without actors' - non-fiction telly on any subject from natural history and music to dating or learning a skill
Is the final stage in film and programme-making where footage is cut, music, sound and commentary are mixed and visual effects are added