Film and TV drama
Also known as: Hair designer, Makeup designer
In film and TV drama, hair and make-up designers help actors portray their characters by using hair and make-up to create a look.
In pre-production, they work closely with the director to understand the style of the story. They break down the script, noting the hair and make-up requirements at each point and working out who they need to recruit to the team.
They make appointments for actors' wig fittings, prosthetic and dental appointments. They draw up notes about actors, detailing each scene’s hair and make-up changes (these notes are vital for maintaining continuity throughout the production) and work with the camera department on test shots to see how the hair and make-up looks under different lighting conditions.
During production, they are one of the first to the set in the mornings, leading the team, keeping everyone to schedule and managing the budget.
On larger features and in the USA, hair and make-up designers are two separate roles. On smaller productions, they are combined.
On large productions, the roles of make-up artist and hairdresser are separate. Chief make-up artists work closely with costume designers and hairdressers to ensure that each actors' look complements every aspect of the script. Having created individual designs they make sure that actors are comfortable with their look and note any allergies or sensitivities. They recruit a team of make-up artists and distribute briefs and continuity notes. During shooting, they supervise the make-up process and may work as a personal make-up artist for a principal actor.
Likewise, chief hairdresser is a separate role from chief make-up artist on big budget features. The chief hairdresser reads the script to determine each actors’ styling and then recruits and briefs a team of hairdressers. During shooting, they supervise the whole hairdressing department and may work as a personal hairdresser if requested by one of the principal actors.
Increasingly, artists are expected to be skilled in both hair and make-up. They apply make-up, wash, cut, blow-dry, style and set hair, apply products using specialised techniques to create specific designs, set and dress wigs and hairpieces and work with facial hair and false pieces, such as beards and moustaches. They may also apply special effects make-up such as grazes, cuts and bruises and bald caps. Make-up and hair artists usually accompany performers on set and standby during scenes to touch-up makeup and ensure continuity is maintained.
In make-up, prosthetics are special effects, like werewolf faces, or bruises, cuts and grazes. Prosthetic artists are responsible for creating these. They break down a script and analyse what prosthetics are needed for what character. They estimate the time and cost of making prosthetics and create bald caps, prosthetics pieces, facial parts and scars, depending on the script. Normally prosthetic artists will apply the prosthetics to performers themselves (which can take hours) with the help of make-up artists and assistants. They usually stand by on set to ensure that the prosthetic is working and looked after.
Assistants help hair and make-up artists by supplying brushes and products, helping fix prosthetics, washing actors’ hair, helping to alter, repair and dress wigs and toupees, running errands, and making sure that performers are well looked after. They prepare the actor’s skin and scalp in advance, and make sure that any allergies or sensitivities are taken into consideration. Assistants are also involved in crowd days by preparing facilities, working on the hair and make-up of large numbers of extras, standing by on set to maintain continuity and may even be given responsibility for minor characters.
Hair and make-up trainees set up the work stations. See separate profile: hair and make-up trainee
Hair and make-up designers usually enter the industry through one of three routes. Some come from hairdressing and barbering. Others come from beauty-therapy backgrounds. Others come from stage and theatre hair and make-up backgrounds. Whatever the route, you will need to start off as a hair and make-up trainee and work your way into the positions of hair and make-up assistant and hair and make-up artist before becoming a designer. Go to the hair and make-up trainee profile for full details on how to find your way in.
At school or college:
Take one of the following Level 3 qualifications:
Get an apprenticeship:
Apprenticeships are jobs with training, so they are a great opportunity to earn as you learn. It can be challenging to find jobs as an apprentice with production companies as many are not able to take on people for a whole year, which is an apprenticeship requirement at the moment. However, it’s definitely worth looking for a job as an apprentice in the hair and make-up industry in general. This will help you develop your craft and create a body of work for a portfolio that you can use to find your way into film and TV drama at a later point.
These are the relevant apprenticeships throughout the UK:
Before taking any apprenticeship, check what you’ll be learning with your employer and college, so you can be sure it will be giving you the skills you want. Go to how to become an apprentice to learn how to find apprenticeships in your region or approach companies directly.
Work on a make-up concession. Get a part-time job in a hair salon or barbershop. Volunteer to do hair and make-up for student films or amateur theatre. The more time you can spend doing hair or make-up the better.
Build a portfolio:
This is essential. Go to build your hair and make-up portfolio for details of how to do this.
Take a short course:
Hone your skills in hair and make-up by taking a specialist course. Go to the list of training courses recommended by ScreenSkills and see if there is one in prosthetics, barbering, wig-fitting or period hair styling. If you have a specialism, it will make you extra handy. We recognise courses with our ScreenSkills Select award where they offer training in the relevant software, dedicated time to building a portfolio and have strong links with the film and TV industries.
Become a trainee:
Apply to be a hair and make-up trainee. Get onto ScreenSkills’ Trainee Finder scheme. This will help you make the contacts and build up the industry knowledge to get work in the art department of a film or TV drama.
Hair and make-up artists are in demand for music videos, corporate films, fashion and advertising.
Involves making sequences on a computer that can't be created on set, like enormous crowds and fire-breathing dragons
Combines art with programming as well as production, design and testing - the UK’s fastest growing entertainment industry
Creates the illusion of movement, includes computer-generated, stop-motion and hand-drawn animation