What does a producer do?
Producers are at the financial, practical and creative heart of a film or TV drama. They are often the first to get involved, spotting the creative opportunity and commercial viability of a production. They continue as the driving force right through to distribution.
They are the overall decision makers. Producers will come up with story ideas and hire writers or choose and secure rights to scripts. This is known as ‘optioning’ a script. They decide on the scale and budget of the film and source financing from investors, studios and distributors. They work with creative ideas from the director and approve production costs. They spot and solve potential problems throughout the production process. They approve locations and hire a team of staff for the production, delegating certain responsibilities to a line producer. It’s their job to create a good working environment and they constantly communicate with everyone to make everything run smoothly. They have ultimate legal responsibilities for the health and safety of the crew on set and delivery of a completed film at the end of the production process.
Sometimes there is a separate executive producer who is the leader of the whole production, or series in the case of TV drama. They might be concerned with legal, financial, and marketing aspects of the project. In film, this title is sometimes given to an established filmmaker who has financially invested in and vouched for the project, such as Steven Spielberg on the Transformers film series, among others. In TV drama this is sometimes a title given to an original creator or writer of the series.
What’s a producer good at?
- Film production: have extensive knowledge of all the creative processes of making a film or TV programme including screenwriting, directing, and editing
- Storytelling: know how to tell a story, make and approve creative decisions to help do this well
- Commercial awareness: understand what makes a successful film, be able to market it to distributors and the public
- Leadership: motivate and communicate well with everyone throughout the project, take the lead on decisions, create a good working atmosphere and adhere to legal workplace regulations
- Organisation: be on top of the whole project, prepare schedules and a production budget using financial skills to secure funding and negotiate salaries
Who does a producer work with?
How do I become a producer?
Film producers are often hired based on reputation so you need a lot of experience. A good understanding of all aspects of filmmaking is essential. Starting out as a runner or trainee to get this experience. See our production trainee job profile for more details. You’ll need a combination of business skills and creative vision for this job and an understanding of both sides of the industry. You can to apply to ScreenSkills’ Trainee Finder.
At school or college:
If you want to go to university, A-levels or Highers in drama and theatre, English, film studies or media studies are useful. Or you might want to take a Level 3 vocational qualification such as:
- BTEC National Extended Diploma in Creative Digital Media Production.
- Aim Awards Diploma in Creative and Digital Media
- OCR Technical Diploma in Digital Media (Moving Image and Audio Production)
- BTEC National Diploma in Creative Media Production and Technology
- UAL Diploma/Extended Diploma in Creative Media Production and Technology
Get a degree:
A degree in media studies, film production or film history will equip you with knowledge and experience of cinema or television and production sets. Have a look at ScreenSkills’ list of recommended courses and select ones in film and TV. We recognise courses with our Tick award where they offer training in the relevant software, dedicated time to building a portfolio and have strong links with the film and TV drama industries. Courses in business or arts management would also be helpful.
Take a short course:
Hone your skills in production by taking a specialist course. The National Film and Television School does courses in producing. Go to the list of training courses recommended by ScreenSkills and see if there is one in producing.
Become a trainee:
Apply to ScreenSkills’ Trainee Finder scheme. Or try to get jobs as a runner. Sites like The Unit List and The Talent Manager and the Facebook group People looking for TV work: Runners are good places to find work. TV Watercooler gives advice from production companies on how they recruit runners. Some will advertise on their own careers site like ITV Jobs.
Getting jobs in the film and TV drama industries is often down to reputation and word of mouth, so making connections in the industry is essential. Engage with production companies’ social media accounts.
You might also be interested in…
Some other job roles in development
Helps the casting director find actors, operates the camera at screen tests, does general office duties
Holds the creative vision behind a film or TV drama, ultimately responsible for deciding what appears on camera
Find the actors, considers their look, talent, availability and how much buzz they will create at the box office
Back to development