Visual effects (VFX)
Rigging technical director (TD)
Also known as: Rigging artist, TD rigging artist
What does a rigging TD do?
Rigging technical directors create digital skeletons for 3D computer-generated (CG) models. They program these ‘rigs’ or puppets so that they move in a realistic way. This underlying skeleton is then used by animators as the basis for their movements.
Rigging TDs typically receive a 3D CG model in a static pose, drawn by a modeller. They may also receive facial shapes and expressions of the characters. They then work out how the bones move when the character runs or smiles and create a computer programme that simulates that.
Animators test rigs and then give feedback to rigging TDs, who will complete any requested fixes and the process will continue until both parties are happy with the rigged models (the 3D puppets).
Rigging TDs can be employed by VFX studios or work as freelancers.
Watch and read
What’s a rigging TD good at?
- Programming and coding skills: have advanced knowledge of programming in C++ and Python with a very high level of technical ability, be able to use a variety of relevant software such as Houdini, Maya and Nuke
- Working to deadlines: work within given time frames, be able to complete work under pressure, be organised
- Collaboration and communication: be able to work with other VFX artists, use each other’s resources effectively and efficiently
- Science: have a good understanding of anatomy, physics and how things move
- Problem-solving: find solutions as quickly as possible to support the needs of modellers and animators, relating to the rigging process
Who does a rigging TD work with?
Rigging TDs work under the management of a VFX supervisor. They regularly communicate with the production management department and VFX supervisor about schedules and deadlines.
They also work with modelling artists to refine and improve upon the 3D models so they are best fit for purpose. And they work with animators, who test the rigs to check that they offer the right kinds of articulation and movement for the given project.
How do I become a rigging TD?
You need to have a few years’ worth of experience working as a VFX artist in order to become a TD, as it is a more senior role.
A good route into this role is to gain experience working as a modelling artist or texturing artist first. You might start off as a runner in a VFX company.
The role of rigging TD involves a mix of art and technological competencies. You need to develop both technical skill and an appreciation for existing VFX. Knowledge of scripting languages such as Python and C++ and the software Maya and Houdini is essential.
There are degree courses available in computer programming, computer science or animation, which would all provide you with useful experience and knowledge towards becoming a rigging TD.
At school or college:
You can take A-levels or Highers in art and design, graphic communication, computer science, maths or physics. Or you might want to take the following Level 3 vocational qualification:
- BTEC National Diploma/Extended Diploma in Computing
If you want to go straight into a job or apprenticeship, the following Level 3 vocational qualifications will equip you:
- Aim Awards Diploma/Extended Diploma in Games Animation and VFX
- BTEC National Diploma in Digital Games Design and Development
- BTEC National Diploma in Film and Television Visual Effects
- BTEC National Diploma in Computing for Creative Industries
- AQA Technical Level Entertainment Technology: Video Games Art and Design
- AQA Technical Level Entertainment Technology: Video Games Art and Design Production
- OCR Technical Diploma in Digital Media (Digital Content for Interactive Media)
- OCR Technical Diploma in Digital Media (Moving Image and Audio Production)
- AQA Technical Level IT: Programming
- OCR Technical Diploma in IT (Digital Software Practitioner)
Get an apprenticeship:
Apprenticeships are jobs with training. They’re a great opportunity to earn while you learn. You might want to enter the VFX industry through an apprenticeship as an assistant technical director. Have a look at NextGen Skills Academy VFX apprenticeships for school leavers. These involve a lot of learning on the job working in a VFX company.
Check out What’s an apprenticeship? to learn more about apprenticeships and find an apprenticeship to learn how to find one in your region, or approach companies directly. Go to ScreenSkills information on VFX apprenticeships for the main apprenticeship schemes in VFX.
Build a portfolio:
If you intend to get into this role through being a VFX artist, you will need to create a portfolio. Learn how to use, and then experiment with, VFX programs and create a showreel that you can show to admissions tutors or employers. Go to build your VFX portfolio to learn how. Watch ScreenSkills’ advice on VFX showreels. It’s really important to develop your appreciation for VFX. Make sure you’re familiar with what’s out there.
Watch a lot of films:
As well as technical skill, it’s really important to develop an appreciation for VFX and animation. Make sure you’re familiar with what’s out there in the industry.
Get a degree:
VFX companies or studios generally prefer it if you have a degree in graphic design, or another VFX-specific course for this role. Have a look at ScreenSkills’ list of recommended courses and select one in VFX. We recognise courses with our ScreenSkills Select award where they offer training in the relevant software, dedicated time to building a portfolio and have strong links with the VFX industry.
Get to know people in VFX. Check out the events in ScreenSkills training and opportunities directory. Meet professionals and ask them questions about their work, while demonstrating interest and knowledge in the sector. Offer to provide them with your professional contact details and try to stay in touch with them. Go to network well to learn how to do this.
Search for jobs:
Look at ScreenSkills list of job boards. Research VFX companies you’d like to work for. Go to their websites and check if they are advertising for junior roles the art or pre-production departments. Even if they aren’t, send in your CV and showreel and ask them to bear you in mind for future roles or work experience. Keep looking on job websites too. ScreenSkills offers some advice from professionals on how to approach animation and VFX employers.
You might also be interested in…
Being a creature TD, effects TD (FX TD), layout TD, lighting TD or pipeline TD. Or being a technical artist, graphics programmer or another kind of programmer in the games industry. You might also want to be an animation TD or an effects TD (FX TD) in the animation industry.
- Introduction to Rigging - Escape Tutorial
- Weta Digital
- Wired – Design FX
- Which software is used for VFX?
- Blender Guru
- Creative Bloq
- CG Spectrum – College of Digital Art and Animation
- Art of VFX
- Computer Graphics World (CGW)
- VFX Voice
- Visual Effects Society (VES)
- ScreenSkills resources directory
Film and TV drama
Covers genres ranging from period dramas to epic fantasies screened at the cinema, on TV or on streaming sites
Combines art with programming as well as production, design and testing - the UK’s fastest growing entertainment industry
Creates the illusion of movement, includes computer-generated, stop-motion and hand-drawn animation