Technical roles on productions cover everything from camerawork and sound recording to wiring lighting. This includes jobs like the director of photography, gaffer, best boy, electrician, camera operator, sound mixer and boom operator. Most people get into these departments as trainees and then spend their careers moving up the department ranks by mastering the specialist skills of their trade. To learn more about what each of these jobs involves and pathways through the departments, click the following link to download the ScreenSkills TV craft and technical career map (PDF).
The camera department requires both creative and technical ability, led by a director of photography overseeing camera operators, technicians and trainees
Grips are the people on a set who are responsible for safely setting up and manoeuvring the complex machinery needed to make a film or TV show
Electrical and lighting
Big film and TV productions need expert technicians and gaffers to light and wire the sets, assisted by trainees or juniors in the more entry-level roles